Structure and operation of cyclone separators


Cyclones are effective dedusting devices used for extraction of harmful particles and dusts such as sawdust or metal pieces. They are often used in various production plants. Here we explain how they are built and how they work.

What are cyclones used for?

Works performed in carpentry shops, furniture producing plants or in metalworking would not be possible without dedusting systems. We offer a wide range of efficient dust collectors, with cyclones being one of them.
A dedusting cyclone is a very simple solution and an inexpensive one, which effectively separates dust from air providing clean air and better working conditions. By installing our cyclone you also save your time and make the waste management easier.

How are cyclones built?

Our dedusting cyclones are cone shaped tanks made of carbon steel. They consist of three parts. The top part includes the dirty (dusted air) inlet and the outlet for the clean air. Then there is the cylindrical part and the cone part with an inspection door ended with an outlet for discharging the separated dust or other material.

Cyclones can be used as independent dedusting device or as an element of a more complex dedusting installation, for example with a bag house dust collector.

We offer cyclones of our own design, produced in dirrefent sizes and having different efficiency.

How do cyclones work?

The dusted air is directed into a cyclone where it is directed into a viral (tornado like) movement. The centrifugal force throws out the heavier particles of he dirt onto the wall of the cyclone, where they lose their speed and fall down to the cone part of the cyclone. The cleaned lighter air goes up and is released through the top cyclone outlet. This end the filtration process. The dust and dirt which fell down can be now organized. The discharge from the cyclone can be organized into a big bag, a container or a bucket – all depending on specific needs and volume of the separated dust. In many cases it is also useful to install a rotary valve for easier handling of the waste bulk material.